Mỗi năm Việt Nam xuất khẩu 85.000 lao động
Một nhóm người lao động Việt Nam đang kiện hai công ty đã đưa họ sang Hoa Kỳ để làm việc trong điều kiện khổ cực.
Những công nhân xuất khẩu lao động này đâm đơn lên tòa án liên bang Hoa Kỳ để kiện hai công ty Đầu tư Thương mại và Dịch vụ Quốc tế (Interserco) và Tổng Công Ty Công Nghiệp ÔTô Việt Nam (Vinamotor), cả hai công ty đều do Nhà nước sở hữu một phần.
Họ nói hai công ty này đã bắt họ đóng lệ phí từ 7.000 tới 15.000 đôla/người để sang làm việc nghề hàn tại một xưởng đóng tàu ở tiểu bang Texas với hứa hẹn thu nhập 100.000 đôla trong thời gian 30 tháng.
Thế nhưng khi sang Mỹ, các công nhân cáo buộc đã bị đối xử như "kẻ hầu người hạ" và phải ở trong tình trạng khổ sở "như thú vật".
Họ còn bị đuổi việc chỉ sau có tám tháng, để các công ty có thể nhận thêm người mới.
Các bị đơn đòi môi giới lao động bồi thường 100 triệu đôla.
Theo đơn kiện, một số công nhân bị mắc kẹt tại Pasadena, California, nơi họ phải trả 2.000 đôla tiền nhà/tháng và 1.200 tiền đi lại, mà thực tế không được đi đâu. Họ cũng không được đọc báo, xem TV hay học tiếng Anh.
Hai đối tác của các công ty Việt Nam tại Mỹ được nói là ILP Agency LLC, bang
Luật sư đại diện cho các lao động, ông Tony Buzbee, nói với báo chí Mỹ rằng các công ty Việt Nam đã tham gia lừa dối người lao động một cách có khoa học.
Tổng cộng khoảng 50 công nhân đến từ nhiều nơi ở Việt Nam đã tới Mỹ làm việc tại xưởng đóng tàu theo con đường của hai công ty này.
Việt Nam mỗi năm xuất khẩu 85.000 công nhân, những người này gửi về quê chừng hai tỷ đôla thu nhập.
Xuất khẩu lao động được cho là cứu cánh về kinh tế cho các thành phần thu nhập thấp, và giải quyết nạn thất nghiệp ở trong nước.
firms, Vietnamese allege homeland exploited them U.S.
By LISE OLSEN
April 15, 2011, 1:28AM
Brett Coomer Chronicle
Vietnamese immigrants Chin Ba Ngo, left, Hung Van Nguyen, Tuyen Van Vu and No Hai Le have filed a federal suit against Vietnamese companies partly owned by
, alleging deceptive recruiting and exploitation. Hanoi
Only weeks after a
Harris County judge awarded an unprecedented $60 million in civil judgments to Vietnamese welders allegedly exploited by labor supply companies, the same workers claimed in federal court Wednesday to be victims of a larger international human trafficking conspiracy. U.S.
The lawsuit identifies the culprits as two major Vietnamese companies, both partly owned by the Vietnamese government: International Investment Trade and Service group, aka Interserco, and General Automotive Industry Corp. of
, aka Vinamotors. Vietnam
The workers' attorney, Tony Buzbee, describes the
Vietnam government-related companies as knowing participants in mass exportation of laborers through deceptive recruiting efforts that exploit workers by stripping them of their savings and shipping them off to companies eager to benefit from "what amounts to indentured servants." The federal lawsuit seeks another $100 million in punitive damages. U.S.
An employee at the Vietnamese Consulate in
Houston had no response to the allegations and referred callers to Vietnamese Embassy in . An embassy spokesman did not return phone calls Wednesday. Washington
In interviews and lawsuits, about 50 workers from major cities across
Vietnam claim they were recruited to come to a shipyard through a deceptive national TV ad campaign sponsored by the Vietnamese companies. Houston
In 2008, interested workers paid up-front processing fees as high as $15,000 — raised by mortgaging homes, selling businesses and borrowing relatives' life savings. In exchange, they were promised about $100,000 in wages over the life of a 30-month contract.
Once here, workers were "housed like animals," "treated like indentured servants" and fired after only eight months as the same agencies planned to replace them with new fee-paying arrivals, according to interviews and the federal lawsuit filed in U.S. District Court in
"This is the super power country and we could not believe we had ended up like this, the company was cheating us," Chin Ba Ngo, one of the workers told the Chronicle through a translator. Conditions here were worse than anywhere else he'd worked abroad, including
Russia, South Korea and . "It was like imprisonment." 85,000 workers a year Libya
Ngo, an experienced welder in his 50s, remembers seeing TV ads offering
jobs. He quickly responded, paid fees and found himself on a plane to U.S. . Here, he joined about three dozen others, mostly younger men from cities across Texas . Vietnam
Instead of clean and safe accommodations, Ngo shared a rat- and cockroach-infested apartment in
with exposed wiring and filthy carpet for which he and three others got charged $2,000 monthly. Handlers deducted rent from the men's paychecks along with a monthly transportation fee of $1,200, though workers got rides only to work and, once a week, to a supermarket. Pasadena
Services were provided by two U.S.-based companies who were ordered to pay the workers $60 million: ILP Agency LLC, of
Louisiana and Coast to Coast Resources Management Services, formerly based in . An attorney for Coast to Coast said the company is out of business. The Chronicle was unable to reach anyone from ILP Agency. Houston
Eight months into their contract, Ngo and other Vietnamese workers were told they were being fired and ordered to pack their things.
Living like paupers
On paper, the former shipyard workers who successfully sued their handlers in a related
civil suit are now millionaires, but they have collected nothing from court judgements signed in January and February by Harris County Civil District Judge Steven Kirkland. Harris County
Instead, the workers live like paupers, fearing deportation and retribution from the Vietnamese government.
"It's my belief is that the real culprits (and) the lion's share of the money is being made by the entities in the home countries," attorney Buzbee said in an interview.
Those claims are echoed in reports issued by the U.S. Department of State, which has long criticized the Vietnamese government for failing to protect its citizens from trafficking, including illegal and excessive recruitment fees charged by "Vietnamese labor export companies, most of which are state-affiliated." Those fees are "some of the highest" paid by all "Asian expatriate workers, making them highly vulnerable to debt bondage and forced labor," the State Department's 2010 Report on Trafficking On Persons says.
No company has ever been prosecuted by the Vietnamese for labor trafficking crimes, the report says.
Kept in isolation
It was only through the intervention of Jehovah's Witness missionaries who visited their
apartments that the men found help after being fired. Pasadena
Houston Attorney Tammy Tran, a Vietnamese-American, recruited volunteer lawyers from several
law firms, including Buzbee, Mark Lanier and Gordon Quan. Houston
A group of students at the South Texas College of Law, led by attorney Naomi Bang, also are helping the men apply for visas as human trafficking or crime victims.
"I would like the world to hear about this case," Tran said. "It's an honor to help these men and we hope that through this case we can help a lot of other young men and young women who are human trafficking victims."